The Americans hoped to cause landslides, wash out river crossings, and just generally disrupt the movement of North Vietnamese troops. Description: Operation Popeye was a highly classified weather modification program in Southeast Asia during 1967–1972. It won five Oscars at the 44th Academy Awards. (US Senate, Subcommittee on Oceans and International Environment; 20 March 1974; pp. Planes initially flew a small tract over the Ho Chi Minh trail from Cambodia to Laos, but their flight path was successively lengthened as the project continued. Operation Popeye was a large and long running operation that successfully manipulated weather by seeding clouds, via aircraft, with silver and lead iodide. The company has a long successful history in book publishing, product licensing, radio and popular TV shows. Description: Operation Popeye was a highly classified weather modification program in Southeast Asia during 1967–1972. Denials from the Nixon administration were adamant and unequivocal. Today, cloud seeding is mostly used to manage precipitation for water usage. A power once thought to be only in the hands of your deity of choice was now a weapon to be wielded by Man. From the 1974 Senate hearings on weather modification. Under public pressure from people nervous about the U.S. military playing God, both houses of Congress rushed to pass legislation in 1974 to ban weather control for combat purposes. In addition, we operate more than 100 attractions in 11 countries around the world. 329 of 1974 and H.R. TIL Operation Popeye was the first example of weather warfare. During October 1966, Project Popeye was tested in a strip of the Laos panhandle east of the Bolovens Plateau in the Se Kong River valley. Operation Popeye goal was to increase rainfall in carefully selected areas to deny the Vietnamese enemy, namely military supply trucks, the use of roads by:[4], Starting on March 20, 1967, and continuing through every rainy season (March to November) in Southeast Asia until 1972, operational cloud seeding missions were flown. And ARPA was working with advanced computers in the early 60s to see how weather might be used in battle. In 1972, most of northeastern Cambodia was added to the operational area. [1] The 54th Weather Reconnaissance Squadron carried out the operation to "make mud, not war." Using weather control technology, the United States Air Force engaged in the only known militarization of meteorology in what would become known as Operation Popeye. The United Arab Emirates closely monitors it rainfall and groundwater levels, deploying cloud seed operations that can enhance rainfall by a reported 35%. Operation Popeye even had a brief cameo appearance in the Pentagon Papers. Cloud seeding was far from new in the late 1960s. News organizations were starting to paint a better picture of what the U.S. military was up to. Popeyes hours and Popeyes locations along with phone number and map with driving directions. The former U.S. Secretary of Defense, Robert S. McNamara, was aware that there might be objections raised by the international scientific community but said in a memo to the president that such objections had not in the past been a basis for prevention of military activities considered to be in the interests of U.S. national security. Maintain saturated soil conditions beyond the normal time span. The press stories led to demands from members of the U.S. Congress, led by Senator Claiborne Pell, for more information… As word got out, concerns over whether this procedure had deprived neighboring countries like Thailand of rainfall raised many questions about the ethics of environmental warfare. Hurricane warnings and a winter storm around 400 miles apart. By dispersing chemicals like silver and lead iodide or even just dry ice into clouds, causing condensations and vertical rotation. The operation seeded clouds with silver iodide, resulting in the targeted areas seeing an extension of the monsoon period an average of 30 to 45 days. "It's too bad the Post Office isn't as efficient as the Weather Service," Doc Brown says in the 1989 movie Back to the Future: Part II, referring to the fact that the weather could be manipulated by the government. Maintain saturated soil conditions beyond the normal time span. During the 2008 Olympic Games in China, government officials deployed cloud seeds to induce snowfall after a short drought, causing the earliest snowfall in the region in over two decades. ", We lost the Vietnam War, but the US emerged a stronger country partly as a result of all the technology of destruction and oppression that we, Though the Environmental Modification Treaty (Enmod) of 1977 outlawed weather warfare, it could in no way stop research. Top photo taken during an Operation Popeye mission on July 31, 1968 via the Air Weather Reconnaissance Association.

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